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Waigani Convention is a treaty that bans the exporting of hazardous or radioactive waste to Pacific Islands Forum countries, and prohibits Forum island countries from importing such waste
Global Program on Sustainability by ?
Anonymous Quiz
Great Green Wall Initiative

● It was launched in 2007.It is Africa's flagship initiative to combat the increasing desertification.

● Led by the African Union, the initiative aims to transform the lives of millions of people by creating a mosaic of green and productive landscapes across North Africa.

The Great Green Wall of Aravalli

It is a 1,600 km long and 5 km wide green ecological corridor along Aravalli range from Gujarat to Delhi.

It will be connected to Shavlik hill range.

To be implemented on a concept similar to the Great Green Wall of Sahara in Africa, it will act as a buffer against pollution
Harike Wetland:

● It is one of the largest man-made wetlands of northern India located in Punjab.

● It came into existence in 1952 after the construction of a barrage near the confluence of rivers Sutlej and Beas.

● The wetland was accorded the wetland status in 1990 by the Ramsar Convention.

● The wetland is an important place for the migratory birds as every winter, the birds make their way to India through the central Asian flyway which covers a large continental area of Europe-Asia between the Arctic and Indian Oceans.
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Greater Adjutant Stork(Hargila):

● It is found in a few isolated pockets in Assam and Bihar in India and PrekToal in Cambodia.

IUCN status: Endangered

Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act,1972: Schedule IV
Ratle Hydro Electric(HE) Project

● It is a run-of-the-river hydroelectric power station under construction on the Chenab River in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

● It will be developed by a Joint Venture Company(JVC) to be incorporated between National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) and Jammu & Kashmir State Power Development Corporation Ltd(JKSPDC).
International Migration report 2020

● Released by: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA).

● Purpose: To provide the latest estimates of the number of international migrants by country of destination, origin, age and sex for all countries and areas of the world.

● According to the report, Indian diaspora is the largest in the world with 18 million people from the country living outside their homeland in 2020.The United Arab Emirates, the US and Saudi Arabia host the largest numbers of migrants from India.
Istanbul Convention:

● It is also known as the Council of Europe convention on combating and preventing violence against women and domestic violence.

● The convention was adopted in 2011 and came into force in 2014.

● The convention sets minimum standards for governments to meet when tackling violence against women.

● It is the world’s first binding instrument to prevent and tackle violence against women.

● As of March 2019, it has been signed by 45 countries and the European Union.India has not signed the convention.

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Group of Seven(G7)

● It is an intergovernmental organization that meets periodically to address international economic and monetary issues.

● G-7 countries consist of the U.S., U.K., France, Germany, Italy, Canada, and Japan.

● The G-7 was formerly referred to as the G-8 until Russia was suspended from the group in 2014 after illegally annexing Crimea.

● The G-7 is not an official, formal entity and, therefore, has no legislative or authoritative power to enforce the recommended policies and plans it compiles.

D10 Group of Countries:

● D10 stands for 10 biggest democracies of the world.It has been proposed by the UK.

● It would include G7 countries – UK, US, Italy, Germany, France, Japan and Canada – plus Australia, South Korea and India.
Exercise Kavach:

● It is a Joint Military exercise involving assets of Indian Army, Indian Navy, Indian Air Force and Indian Coast Guard.

● Aim: To execute multi-domain, high-intensity offensive and defensive manoeuvres in the Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal.

● The exercise will be conducted under the aegis of the Andaman and Nicobar Command, the only Joint Forces Command of the country.
Climate Solver Programme:

● Launched by: World Wildlife Fund for Nature(WWF)

● Aim: To strengthen development and widespread use of low carbon technologies developed by startups and Small and Medium enterprises (SMEs) which can reduce greenhouse gas emissions or provide clean energy access.
World Wide Fund for Nature
international non-governmental organization.

Founded in 1961
Headquarter — Gland (Switzerland)

1.Living Planet Report— published every two years by WWF

2.Earth hour – a worldwide movement organized by WWF annually, encouraging individuals, communities, and businesses to turn off non-essential electric lights, for one hour, from 8:30 to 9:30 p.m. on a specific day towards the end of March, as a symbol of commitment to the planet.

3.Debt-for-nature swaps–financial transactions in which a portion of a developing nation’s foreign debt is forgiven in exchange for local investments in environmental conservation measures.

4.Tx2 programme
Launched by World Wildlife Foundation (WWF) at the 2010 St Petersburg Tiger Summit held in Russia.

TRAFFIC, the wildlife trade monitoring network, is a leading non-governmental organisation working globally on trade in wild animals and plants.
It is a strategic alliance of IUCN and World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).

ShramShakti Portal:

Launched by: Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Purpose: It is a National Migration Support Portal that aims to collect data related to tribal migrant workers and link them with the existing welfare schemes.

● The various data that will be recorded via the portal include demographic profile, livelihood options, skill mapping and migration pattern.
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Climate Adaptation Summit 2021:

● Hosted by: Netherlands Government.

● Purpose: To trigger the systemic change required to accelerate adaptation action globally for a climate resilient world.

1000 Cities Act Now initiative

● It was launched at the virtual Climate Adaptation Summit 2021.

● Aim: To see comprehensive climate resilience strategies and adaptation measures underway in 1,000 cities by 2030.

● To achieve this, the program is promoting a comprehensive package of measures including the implementation of nature-based solutions, urban water resilience solutions and a transformative capacity building program.
Green Bonds:

● It is a debt instrument with which capital is being raised to fund ‘green’ projects which typically include those relating to renewable energy, emission reductions and so on.

● These bonds typically come with tax incentives to enhance their attractiveness to investors.

● The World Bank issued the first official green bond in 2009.

● Yes Bank was the first Indian Bank to issue Green Infrastructure Bonds (GIBs) in India in 2015.

● According to the RBI report, Green bonds constituted only 0.7% of all the bonds issued in India since 2018.