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31 May

70: Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem
1 June

4000 BC: Approximate domestication of the horse in the Eurasian steppes near Dereivka, central Ukraine (hypothesis only)

193: Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated.
2 June

455: King Gaiseric and the Vandals sack Rome - Rome looted for 14 days

575: Benedict I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
4 June

781 BC: Oldest Chinese recording of a solar eclipse

1039: Henry III becomes Holy Roman Emperor
5 June

754: Friezen robbers murder Bishop Boniface (later Saint) and over 50 companions near Dokkum
6 June

640: Arab Muslim army sent by Caliph Omar begins siege of Heliopolis, city succumbs mid to late July, paving way for Muslim conquest of Byzantine Egypt

1002: German King Henry II the Saint crowned
7 June

555: Vigilius ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1099: 1st Crusaders arrive in Jerusalem
8 June

65: Jews revolt against Rome, capturing fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem

68: Roman Senate accepts emperor Galba
9 June

641: Arabic/Islamic army contrasts with the Hippo over Alexandria
10 June

1194: Major fire at Chartres Cathedral, France, leads to it rebuilt as the high point of French Gothic style
11 June

1184 BC: Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes

631: Emperor Taizong of Tang of China, sends envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk for the release of Chinese prisoners captured during transition from Sui to Tang from northern frontier; succeeds in freeing 80,000
12 June

28: Roman General Gaius Carrinas' triumphant procession through Rome, awarded for fighting in Gaul
13 June

1325: Ibn Battuta begins his travels, leaving his home in Tangiers to travel to Mecca (gone 24 years)

1373: Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of Alliance (world's oldest extant) signed in London
14 June

1276: While taking exile in Fuzhou, southern China, from advancing Mongol invaders, remnants of the Song Dynasty court hold coronation ceremony for young prince Zhao Shi, making him Emperor Duanzong of Song
15 June

763 BC: Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history

923: Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France is killed and King Charles the Simple is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy
16 June

632: Origin of Persian Yezdegird Era

1487: Battle of Stoke, Nottinghamshire: Henry VII beats John de la Pole & Lord Lovell
17 June

653: St Martin I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

656: Ali ibn Abu Talib elected the 4th Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate
18 June

618: Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty's rule over China

860: Rus Vikings attack Constantinople
19 June

987: Louis IV, crowned king of France

1179: The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Earl Erling Skakke is killed, and the battle changes the tide of the civil war
20 June

451: Battle of the Catalaunian Plains: Roman and Visigoths forces defeat Attila the Hun in north east France

1212: French and Spanish crusaders unite against the Almohaden at Toledo