UPSC PATHSHALA GALLANT IAS
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Current Affair Diary
24/11/2020

Sentinel-6 satellite

✓The Copernicus Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite was launched aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket

✓Objective: Designed to monitor oceans

✓Developed jointly by: European Space Agency (ESA), NASA, European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (Eumetsat), the USA’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the EU.

✓This is a part of the next mission dedicated to measuring changes in the global sea level. 

✓The mission, called the Jason Continuity of Service (Jason-CS) mission, is designed to measure the height of the ocean. 

✓Height of the ocean is a key component in understanding how the Earth’s climate is changing.

✓The spacecraft consists of two satellites, out of which one was launched recently, and the other, called Sentinel-6B, shall be launched in 2025.

✓Other satellites that have been launched since 1992 to track changes in the oceans on a global scale include the TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1 and OSTN/Jason-2, among others.

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Current Affair Diary
25/11/2020

Chang’e-5

✓China’s Chang’e-5 lunar mission recently became the first probe in over four decades to attempt to bring back samples of lunar rock from unexplored portion of the Moon. 

✓The spacecraft is set to return to Earth around December 15, 2020.


✓Chang’e-5 probe is the Chinese National Space Administration’s (CNSA) lunar sample return mission. 

✓Goal: To land in the Mons Rumker region of the moon, where it will operate for one lunar day, which is two weeks long and return a 2 kg sample of the lunar rock possibly by digging about 2 metres deep into the surface of the Moon.

✓The mission comprises a lunar orbiter, a lander and an ascent probe that will lift the lunar samples back into orbit and return them back to Earth.

✓The probe is named after the Chinese Moon goddess who is traditionally accompanied by a white or jade rabbit.

✓Early in 2019, China’s Chang’e-4 probe successfully transmitted images from the far side of the Moon, also referred to as the dark side.

✓This was the first probe to land in this portion of the Moon.

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Current Affair Diary
26/11/2020

UMANG


✓UMANG’s international version was recently launched to mark the occasion of its 3 years.

✓It is launched in select countries that include USA, UK, Canada, Australia, UAE, Netherlands, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand.

✓It will help Indian international students, NRIs and Indian tourists abroad, to avail Government of India services, anytime. 

✓It will also help in taking India to the world through ‘Indian Culture’ services available on UMANG and create interest amongst foreign tourists to visit India.

✓The UMANG mobile app (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) is a Government of India all-in-one single multi-lingual, multi-service Mobile App. 

✓It provides access to high impact services of various Government of India Departments and State Governments.

✓Aim: To fast-track mobile governance in India.

✓Developed by: National e-Governance Division (NeGD), Ministry of Electronics & IT.

✓UMANG enables ‘Ease of Living’ for Citizens by providing easy access to a number of Indian government services such as Healthcare, Finance, Education, Housing, Energy, etc.

✓It is a ‘Digital India’ initiative.

✓UMANG attained ‘Best m-Government service’ award at the 6th World Government Summit held at Dubai, UAE in February 2018.

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