Malabar Manual ! COMMENTARY
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131. In some places, e.g., the Nandigama taluk of the Kistna district, the Niyogis are not referred to by the name Brahman, Vaidikis being so called.
COMMENT: It may be understood that in feudal languages, a single word connecting to a honoured stature in society can change a huge series of verbal codes.

132. Velnadu, Murikinadu, and Veginadu seem to be territorial names, and they occur also among some of the non- Brahman castes.
COMMENT: No comment.

133. “Sankaracharya refused to give absolution, and cursed them as unfit to associate with the six sects of Brahmans. The caste is making a strong effort to be readmitted among Brahmans, and some have recently become disciples of Parakalaswami.
COMMENT: It is some kind of ‘racism’. It is akin to the whites having separate beaches in South Africa, and the blacks wanting to barge in. There are innumerable beach locations in South Africa where the blacks can go and swim in peace. However, the terror of the racism is that they do not want to go to any other beach other than where they are unwelcome. In the same manner, this ousting has no value so long as the ousted caste simply doesn’t care, and unilaterally mention themselves as superior. That acumen, they do not have. They simply want to barge into the Brahmin fold to get a share of the presumed Brahmanincal superiority.
134. “There is, however, no doubt that, in their habits, customs, religion and ceremonials, these people are wholly Brahmanical, but still they remain entirely detached from the main body of the Brahmans.
COMMENT: Yet, they desperately appealed to be recorded as Brahmins. In the case of Thiyyas, they appealed to be not categorised as Ezhavas. Isn’t there some revelation in the comparison?

135. And the Local Government directed, a little after the census of 1881, that they should be entered as Brahmans in the Government accounts."
COMMENT: No comment.

136. Mayur Varma and the Brahmins whom he had brought from Ahi-Kshetra were again driven out by Nanda, a Holeya chief, whose son Chandra Sayana had, however, learned respect for Brahmins from his mother, who had been a dancing-girl in a temple. His admiration for them became so great that he not only brought back the Brahmins, but actually made over all his authority to them, and reduced his people to the position of slaves
COMMENT: It is a highly illuminating bit of history. But then, he reduced his own people to the levels of slaves. Had he brought in the English people instead of the Brahmins, his own people would have improved under English administration. For English language has no enslaving codes in it. Even the erstwhile black slaves of the southern states of the USA improved fabulously under English systems. Elsewhere they still have the looks of emerging-from-barbarism.

137. and, though they now talk Canarese in common with the people of other parts to the north of the Sitanadi river, their religious works are still written in the old Tulu-Malayalam character
COMMENT: old Tulu-Malayalam character? What is that? Malayalam and Tulu locations were totally unconnected. Was this script actually a Tulu-Malabari script? Malabari and Tulu language locations were more or less adjacent.

138. Some families of Shivalli and Havika Brahmins in the southern or Malayalam portion of the district talk Malayalam, and follow many of the customs of the Malabar or Nambutiri Brahmins
COMMENT: It is quite curious that Thurston has not been informed about the existence of Malabari language . Could there be some kind of conspiracy in this regard? Actually, Malayalam spread into Malabar areas with the spread of the converted Christians into the Malabar region from the Travancore kingdom and later Travancore-Cochin state.
139. but they soon adopted the tenets of the great Malayalam Vedantic teacher Sankaracharya, who is ordinarily believed to have been born at Cranganore in Malabar in the last quarter of the eighth century, that is, soon after the arrival of the Brahmins on the west coast.
COMMENT: His birth place is mentioned as Kaladi. This place is not in Malabar, but in South-central Travancore. It is quite possible that at the time of his birth, there was no Malayalam in the location. For, it has been variously mentioned that Malayalam is new language that sprang up some four hundred years back. Moreover, in Travancore State Manual, there is ample mention that the local language was mostly Tamil.
However, I do not know much about these things, directly. There was indeed an ancient language in Malabar, which can be called Malabari, which has now more or less vanished. However, one can get to hear them in the Theyyam rituals of Malabar. It is possible that this ancient language was the platform on which modern Malayalam was built up in Travancore, superimposing it with Tamil and Sanskrit. However, the original Malabari seems to have remained un-altered till around the 20th century. As of now, it is slowly vanishing, with the modern generation of Malabar finding it too funny to hear and speak. They all claim Malayalam as their native-language, which is quite an absurd claim.

140. He denied that the spirits worshipped by the early Dravidians were manifestations of Siva's consort, but he accorded sanction to their worship as supernatural beings of a lower order.
COMMENT: May be this might be a sort of commencement of slow integration of non-Hindu (Shamanistic) deities into the Hindu/ Brahmanical religion as some kind of lower-caste gods. As for the non-Hindu castes, they were not able to display a stance of independence, being overwhelmed by the hammering tone of the local feudal language word-codes, they had to bear.

141. They have been backward in availing themselves of English education, and consequently not many of them are to be found holding important posts under Government or in the professions, but a few have come to the front in late years.
COMMENT: There is a slight similarity with the experience of the Nairs and Thiyyas in Tellicherry areas of North Malabar. The relatively higher placed Nairs found it quite difficult to allow their children to study in the newly founded English schools, where their lower caste Thiyya children were given the freedom to study. However, this later became a great folly in that the Thiyya children who received extremely good quality English education got into the higher echelons of the English administrative system, while many Nairs became totally unqualified for higher position government jobs.

142. The women, as is usually the case among all classes, are fairer than the men.
COMMENT: It is a curious fact. In fact, to think of it, there is no such ‘extra’ fairness in the females of England or Europe. But then, there are really two quite plausible reasons for this. One is the fact, that men do have to go more into the sun. The second item is a bit connected to the language codes, and cannot be mentioned here.

143. Their religious books are in Sanskrit, and, even north of the Sitanadi river, they are written in the old Tulu-Malayalam character.
COMMENT: It must have taken many most curious bits of historical incidences to bring out this bit of contradiction. Religious books in Sanskrit written in Tulu-Malayalam script!

144. The Havika Brahmins, perhaps owing to their residing for many generations in the comparatively cool shade of the areca nut gardens, are specially fair even for west coast Brahmins.
COMMENT: Skin complex fairness has some connection to language codes also. Can’t elaborate it here.

145. Some Havik Brahmins in the Malayalam portion of the Kasaragod taluk have, like the Shivallis in the same locality, adopted the language and customs of the Malayali Brahmins.
COMMENT: Malayali Brahmins or Malabari Brahmins?
146. :—"The sentimental objection to manual labour, which is so predominant in the East Coast Brahmin, and the odium attached to it in this country, which has crystallised into the religious belief that, if a Brahmin cultivates with his own hand, the fire of his hand would burn down all that he touches, have entirely disappeared in South Canara.
COMMENT: It is not so easy an understanding. There is a huge bit of code work in the feudal languages, which creates a repulsion for manual work under another feudal language speaker. However this does not preclude one from working for oneself, away from the prying eyes of presumed lower classes of the feudal language coding.
Native-English nation are being quite idiotic to allow feudal language speakers to set up commercial organisations inside their nations. Native-English people who work under feudal language speakers will get their souls and individuality scarred. For more on this, read the series of posts HERE

147. Oriya Brahman women are kept gosha (in seclusion). Occasionally they go out to bring water, and, if on their way they come across any males, they go to the side of the road, and turn their backs to the passers-by.
COMMENT: What makes them go into seclusion has its basis in the feudal language codes.

148. Oriya Brahmans "eat many kinds of meat, as pea fowl, sambur (deer), barking deer, pigeons, wild pig, and fish."
COMMENT: No comment

149. Water touched by Dravida Brahmans is considered by them to be polluted
COMMENT: Even though this might seem a very irascible statement, there is really a lot of information to be added to this, from the realm of feudal language codes. The issue is the encoding of negative or positive codes on being touched or being seen or being mentioned, in feudal language ambience. Read my book: Software codes of mantra, tantra, witchcraft, black magic, evil eye, evil tongue &c

150. Marriage with a maternal uncle's daughter, which is common among the Dravida Brahmans, would be considered an act of sacrilege by Oriyas.
When an Oriya Brahman is charged with being a meat eater, he retorts that it is not nearly so bad as marrying a mathulakanya (maternal uncle's daughter).
COMMENT: What is reflected is the ambience of defending oneself by being offensive. This is a basic character of feudal language social ambience.
151. “The Saruas cultivate the ‘yam ' (Colocasia), and the Holuas go a step further, and engage in ordinary cultivation—actual participation in which is forbidden to Brahmans by Manu, as it involves taking the lives of worms and insects.
COMMENT: The actual reason for the prohibition may not be in the worms or in the insects. But in the feudal language codes. The illuminative illustration would be in IPS officers working along with police constables, wearing the same uniform, and the constables not being informed that these people are their superiors. Just one word for YOU, HE, HIM, HIS etc. would demean the IPS officers beyond redemption. These are thing about which the native-English have no information about.

152. A few of the Saruas are qualified to act as purohits, but the Holuas hardly ever are, and they were shown in the 1891 census to be the most illiterate of all the Brahmans of the Presidency.
COMMENT: It might just be a matter of perspective.

153. Bhodri means a barber, and the ancestor of the subdivision is said to have been the son of a barber who was brought up at Puri with some Santo boys, and so learned much of the Vedas and Shastras. He left Puri and went into Jeypore, wearing the thread and passing himself off as a Brahman, and eventually married a Brahman girl, by whom he got children who also married Brahmans. At last, however, he was found out, and taken back to Puri, where he committed suicide.
COMMENT: Once a person outgrows his traditional mental standards, it is difficult to fit into the subordinate levels of his own class. In modern times, this has happened in the case of lower class individuals who become well-versed in English. In the case of Indians who have gone to live for even a brief period in English nations, cannot even contemplate of coming back. Committing suicide is understood as better than such an eventuality. This is one of the reasons that people who arrive in nations like Great Britain, USA etc. will fight tooth and nail to hold on to their domicile in native-English nations. However, over there, they exist as the beachhead of a system that despoils the native-English citizens by means of the same feudal language codes of which they themselves are afraid of. However, in English nations, they are safe from its barbs, while the native-English citizens get to feel its thorns and get mentally distressed.

154. The last of the divisions, the Sodeibalyas, are menial servants to the zamindars, and work for daily hire."
COMMENT: It would indeed be a tragic level if they have to work alongside castes who are deemed lower castes, as their equals.

155. As they do not abstain from fish, the other Brahmans among whom they have settled regard them as low.
COMMENT: It would not matter to them if they do not care for the opinion of others. However, it is not easy, as they remain part of a social structure, in which so many freedoms are connected to their levels of ‘respect’. It is a situation not contemplate-able in pristine-English.

156. Other Brahmans do not go to the Konkani temples, though non-Brahmans do so.
COMMENT: No comments
157. The Darsana attached to the Mulki temple comes there daily about 11 A.M. After worship, he is given thirtham (holy water), which he drinks. Taking in his hands the prasadam (offering made to the god), he comes out, and commences to shiver all over his body for about ten minutes. The shivering then abates, and a cane and long strip of deer skin are placed in his hands, with which he lashes himself on the back, sides, and head. Holy water is given to him, and the shivering ceases. Those who have come to the temple put questions to the Darsana, which are answered in Konkani, and translated. He understands his business thoroughly, and usually recommends the people to make presents of money or jewels to Venkataramana, according to their means.
COMMENT: This type of events is more or less connected to Shamanistic traditions. There is a hint in the above writing that the whole action is a bit of cunning acting. However, from my own personal experience, I can mention that there are events that do connect to spheres of reality beyond anything mentioned in current day science books. Read my book: Software codes of mantra, tantra, witchcraft, black magic, evil eye, evil tongue &c.

158. In 1907, a rich Guzerati merchant, who was doing business at Mangalore, visited the temple, and consulted the Darsana concerning the condition of his wife, who was pregnant. The Darsana assured him that she would be safely delivered of a male child, and made him promise to present to the temple silver equal in weight to that of his wife, should the prophecy be realised. The prediction proving true, the merchant gave silver, sugar -candy, and date fruits, to the required weight at a cost, it is said, of five thousand rupees.
COMMENT: These things do happen. There can be fraudsters also. It is not clear as to which kind of person was involved in the above incident. Usually nothing of the sort of huge financial benefits are expected or asked for, in return.

159. Receiving a cold reception at the hands of the Zamorin, they proceeded further south, and placed themselves under the protection of the Rulers of Cochin and Travancore, where they flourish at the present day.
COMMENT: A bit of history that might need noting down, and pondering upon. As to why the Zamorin gave them a cold shoulder, while what was offered in Cochin and Travancore were warm ones. It might have some link to other vested interests in Calicut become insecure due to the entry of an entirely new social entity. Nothing social about, but maybe it is a tension connected business monopoly.

160. They are never regarded as on a par with the other Brahmans of Southern India. There is no intermarriage or interdining between them and other Brahmans.
COMMENT: So many complications, insecurities, mutual jealousies, backstabbing, mutual repulsion &c. in the various locations in the subcontinent. It was this huge mess that was connected together by the people of England to create a grand Empire. All went to waste with the coming to power of an idiot called Clement Atlee. Hopefully he is still screaming out in Hell.
161. They are not allowed access to the inner structure surrounding the chief shrine of the Malayali Hindu temples ; nor do they in turn allow the Hindus of this coast to enter corresponding portions of their religious edifices.
COMMENT: This tit-for-tat is great. In fact, it does contain the greatest information on the so-called concept of ‘racism’. If the native-English do not allow many other populations inside their various private locations, all that the other sides have to do is to create their own private locations where the native-English are not allowed. However, in all possibility there would be no yearning from the native-English to enter into their exclusive locations.
In fact, the others themselves would not frequent their own private locations. All that they would crave for would be to barge into the private locations of the native-English. This is the actual core fact of the so-called English racism. The others include the Continental Europeans, the Celtic language speakers of Great Britain, the blacks, the Asians, the South Americans etc.

162. The Budubudike or Budubudukala are described in the Mysore Census Report as being "gipsy beggars and fortune-tellers from the Marata country, who pretend to consult birds and reptiles to predict future events.
COMMENT: The word ‘pretend’ has a bad taste. These kind of people have gone out of business in recent days. That is not because of them being caught at ‘pretending’, but because this ‘pretention’ has been taken over by the web-based astrology sites.

163. This is done in the mornings, when the charlatan soothsayer pretends to have divined the future fate of the householder by means of the chirping of birds, etc., in the early dawn. They are generally worshippers of Hanumantha."
COMMENT: Again the word ‘charlatan’ is too unilateral. For, persons who makes such definitions actually do not know much more about the Codes of reality, than others do. It is being judgemental without information.

164. He is regarded as able to predict the future of human beings by the flight and notes of birds.
COMMENT: Check my book: Software codes of mantra, tantra, witchcraft, black magic, evil eye, evil tongue &c.

165. Burmese.—A few Burmese are trained as medical students at Madras for subsequent employment in the Burmese Medical service.
COMMENT: If the British-Indian nation had retained Burma inside its boundary, when Clement Atlee gave up the British-Indian army to Jinnah and Nehru way back in 1947, both armies would have made a dash to capture the location. For the location have enough Muslims and non-Muslims. The non-Muslims would have been converted into Hindus, and all their gods connected to Hindu gods as their subordinates.
The place could have been another Kashmir, with two different Maps clamouring for international acceptance.

166. Since Burma became part of the British dominions in 1886, there has been emigration to that developing country from the Madras Presidency on a large scale.
COMMENT: No comment.
CASTES AND TRIBES OF SOUTHERN INDIA


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